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In 1642 there was a hunt for witches in Salem, Massachusetts; in the 1950s there was a hunt for communists in America. Dramatist, Author Miller writes about the Salem Witch Trials in his play The Crucible. In 1692, just like in the 1950s, the congressional committees were searching for the truth, and trying to get rid of fear. Reverend John Hale was called to Salem because of his knowledge on witchcraft. Reverend John Hale was a Sensible man, who began to doubt the veracity of witnesses in the Salem Witch Trials, and became fearful in what his authority had set in motion.
Reverend John Hale was summoned to Salem because Reverend Parris wanted him to examine his daughter Betty. Reverend
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getting framed for witchcraft by licentious people who wanted to place blame on them due to jealousy or hatred for the sole purpose of revenge. The rumors quickly spreading through the town caused hysteria, defined by people behaving in an uncontrolled way due to fear or anger, eventually leading to nineteen righteous people being hung. Reverend Hale, a supposed expert on witchcraft was one of the main people to blame for the witch trials according to the vast majority of readers. Despite that, his probity becomes clearer and clearer when scrutinizing the text for its true meaning. After all, he was not responsible for the spread of the rumors about witchcraft, he began to realize the flaws
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John Hale is the minister of Beverly, which has been summoned to Salem to discover and
extinguish supposed witchcraft in the town of Salem, Mass. in the colonial period. Hale
overgoes a gradual change of character and belief as the play unfolds. As a dynamic
character? Though a gradual change it is, the change drastically changes his views and
ideas of what is God’s will and where his priorities lie.
The end of Act One exhibits the audience a zealous priest, Reverend John Hale,
looking for evidence of witchcraft, real or make believe. Most convenient for Hale the
town of Salem has more than enough evidence for him to become ecstatic about.
Although he does express that
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The Crucible, a play by Arthur Miller, gives a glimpse into the infamous witchcraft hysteria in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. The play opens after a group of girls has been caught dancing in the woods by the town minister, Reverend Parris. When one of the girls suddenly becomes stricken with an unusual disease, the first assumption is witchcraft and John Hale is brought in. Hale, an expert of witchcraft, is called to Salem to discover the evil behind the girl’s affliction. But the longer he remains in Salem, the more he asks himself: Where does the true evil reside in Salem?
John Hale is described as a middle-aged man with an abundance of energy, as well as an abundance of arrogance
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How Miller Uses Reverend Hale in The Crucible
Arthur Miller describes Reverend Hale as nearing forty, a
tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual. An intellectual is usually
thought of as someone with his head in the clouds, who spends so much
time thinking great thoughts that he's inept in the real world of
human emotions. There is some truth in this image of John Hale. He
knows a lot about witchcraft; but he knows almost nothing about the
people of Salem or the contention that is wracking the town. How
pompous and arrogant he must sound when he says, “Have no fear now--we
shall find [the Devil] out if he has come among us, and I mean to
crush him utterly if he has shown his face
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Reverend HaleIn Arthur Miller's, The Crucible, when characters are faced with adversity, they are forced to show their true morals and beliefs. The character of Reverend Hale fights a battle between what ideasl have been engraved in his mind by books and society, and what he feels in his soul is truly right. In the end his soul prevails and finds him completely changed. Because he is a character with such high moral standards regarding everything he does, he sees the flaws and falsities of the witch trials and changes from naively believing completely in witchcraft, to losing all faith in the religion of Salem and deciding that earthly life is superlative and worth lying for.At first
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Revolution of Reverend HaleBy: J. JiImagine your mistake kills tens of innocent lives, but it's too late to alter the tragedy. This is the suffering Reverend John Hale reminisces through. In Arthur Miller's 1952 satirical play, The Crucible, this Puritan community is filled with paranoia and hysteria regarding witchcraft and the fear of correspondence with the devil. Because of this, many people were accused of witchcraft and hanged. Hale arrives in Salem as a specialist of witchcraft, and hopes rid the town of evil. However, Reverend Hale discovers corruption within the society and the death of innocence. Reverend Hale changed drastically throughout the play as he is disillusioned by power
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The Salem witch trials were a time period in which there was mass chaos and very little reason. In, “The Crucible,” by Arthur Miller, there were an elect group of people that overcame this hysteria of the trials. Among the people of reason arose, Reverend Hale, who displayed both sides of the hysteria. Reverend Hale is a dynamic character as he transforms from a character following the strict law and causing the deaths of many, to a character that understands the ridiculousness of the trials.
In the beginning of the play, Hale enters as a strict law abiding citizen enjoying his position of power and his ability to make the decisions in Salem. An example of his defense of the law is, “Man
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The Changes that John Proctor and Reverend Hale go Through as the Play Progresses
"The Crucible" symbolises the events in 1950's America when anyone who
was suspected of left wing views was accused of 'Un-American'
activities. "The Crucible" was Miller's inventive way to criticise the
paranoia surrounding a too conservative American government. After
appearing before the committee numerous times to defend himself of
suspected Communist activities, Miller used his pen the greatest
weapon to confront the silly attacks purposed upon him. This essay
will tell you the general background to the play? What the
similarities are between 1690's Salem witchcraft
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The definition of crucible, or at least one of them, is a severe test or trial. This is definitely a fitting name for the Salem witch trials based play, as dealing with the hysteria and unjust courts of Salem is a severe trial in its self. However, the characters were also tested by their own ability to choose between right, wrong, or the most beneficial actions. From the main characters to all of the town’s people, they must all decide between what is best for them or everyone, living in sorrow or dying with honor. The three characters that undergo the most change throughout this play is John Proctor the farmer, Elizabeth whom is John’s wife, and Reverend Hale the supernatural expert
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The CrucibleIn the book The Crucible by Arthur Miller, there are many dynamic characters. Reverend Hale is a dynamic character because his voice of opinion changes throughout the play. Reverend Hale changed drastically from the time that he arrived at Salem until the end of the play. The play began with Hale acting as a voice of authority and later converted to the voice of reason. Reverend Hale's time spent in Salem changed his views on witchcraft once again. After finding out more facts about the trial he became the voice of truth.Initially, Reverend Hale is seen as a voice of authority. He begins by exclaiming that the books about witchcraft, which he has brought with him, are, "weighted
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Today in the world there are people who tend to continue to show religious fervor. This can be more classified as the people who believe in a religion. A real life example of this is in Arthur Miller's play The Crucible. As things go on the town of Salem becomes over run with accusations of witches; these witches people think are in the town that it is Devils work people have looked to religion. Arthur Miller's The Crucible presents how religion fervor fuels the chaos in the production and ultimately leads to conditions that sacrifice justice and reason; the behavior of these character Rebecca Nurse, John Proctor, and Reverend Hale best exemplify someone with religious fervor.
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From a youthful age, people are taught to believe in a definitive dichotomy of right and wrong. Every subconscious thought is a consequence of this struggle to reach out for the truth. Among many hindrances of truth is hubris, which provides a gateway to a character’s inevitable downfall. This idea is embedded within the crux of Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, as Reverend Hale practices his craft of identifying witchcraft and unknowingly walks through the gateway of false truths. Through his struggles, Reverend Hale exhibits how real truth is not easily uncovered as he loses and redeems his conscience.
Reverend Hale strays away from his intuition as he is blinded by hubris
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The Crucible is a play written by Arthur Miller in 1953, which dramatizes the Salem witch trials that occurred in the late seventeenth century. In the play, many comparisons can be made between the two characters Reverend Samuel Parris and Reverend John Hale. Both introduced as intelligent men of God, the two spiritual leaders preach in towns of New England and are respected by many people in their communities. Although these two reverends share some similarities of setting the hysteria into motion and asking Judge Danforth to postpone the executions, their dissimilarity is clearer as they have different personality traits and attitudes towards the case of witchcraft in Salem.
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In a work of literature one particular type of character found is a dynamic character. Dynamic characters are those who change dramatically through out the course of the novel. In the play The Crucible Reverend John Hale is an example of a dynamic character because throughout the course of the play his beliefs and views differ then those at the end of the play.Reverend John Hale travels from Beverly to the Village of Salem Massachusetts to investigate the strange behavior of Betty Proctor. His job upon coming to Salem is to determine whether witchcraft is to blame for this incident. Most people including Parris and Thomas Putnam are quick to believe witchcraft as the cause of Betty's
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In The Crucible most of the characters all want power or a good reputation. One of the lesser of the power hungry characters is Reverend John Hale. Reverend Hale knows he has the power to hang witches and has done it many times before. The people of Salem know this and break under the pressure of having Reverend Hale bombard them with such leading questions in act one that they just start accusing other to save their own life. Tituba gets accused by Abigail then Tituba confesses and lies that she is working with the devil. This causes all of the young girls to take an easy way out and accuse others. Reverend Hale doesn’t just use his powerful reputation for accusing people of witchery; he
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In The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, the strict Puritan community of Salem is bombarded with the hysteria of witchcraft. It starts when five young girls of Salem are caught dancing in the forest. Instead as mere children playing, this behavior is viewed upon by the Puritans as the work of the devil. As the hysteria builds momentum, more and more accusations radiate. Reverend Hale, a well known expert on witches, is brought into Salem to 'cleanse' the town of it's evil. At the beginning of the play, Hale leads the onslaught of punishment for the accused; but by the end, he radically changes his views, denouncing the court and its proceedings.At first, Hale believes that the
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In The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, the strict Puritan
community of Salem is bombarded with the hysteria of witchcraft. It starts when
five young girls of Salem are caught dancing in the forest. Instead as mere
children playing, this behavior is viewed upon by the Puritans as the work of
the devil. As the hysteria builds momentum, more and more accusations radiate.
Reverend Hale, a well known expert on witches, is brought into Salem to
'cleanse' the town of it's evil. At the beginning of the play, Hale leads the
onslaught of punishment for the accused; but by the end, he radically changes
his views, denouncing the court and its proceedings.
At first, Hale believes
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Thomas Chandler Haliburton states, “Whenever there is authority, there is a natural inclination to disobedience.” There are tons of reason why people go against authority and disobey what is set in forth, one major reason is independence. When someone wants attention they disobey authority so everyone can have their full attention. Also, as humans we try to find a place within a social group and this is natural as we our sociable creatures. However, disobeying authority is sometimes the right thing to do as there is discrimination or the inclination of superiority of one's race. As illustrated in The Crucible and Montgomery Boycott people such as John Proctor, Reverend Hale, and Rosa Park
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Changes in Character in The Crucible
One definition of "crucible" is "a severe test of patience and belief, or a trial". This definition pertains to Arthur Miller's four-act play, "The Crucible." The definition is suiting, because it is during this play that the wills of innocent women and men are put to the test when they are accused of things they did not do. It was the ultimate trial of determination and willpower to withstand such a wretched ordeal. Abigail Williams, Elizabeth and John Proctor, Mary Warren, Reverend Parris and even Reverend Hale had changed drastically because of what they had to go through during the course of the play. However, other
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Reverend Hale is a dynamic character in Miller's The Crucible as he is challenged by John Proctor's courage. He starts out very convincing and seems to know exactly what he wants. John Proctor is a very strong and courageous character. He influences Reverend Hale so much that Hale completely changes his mind about Salem, the court, and witches.Reverend Hale enters Salem as a very strong character that knows what he wants to do. He is very sure of himself. "They must be, they are weighted with authority" (p. 36). When he arrives in Salem, he is absolutely sure of witchcraft. "The devil is precise-the marks of his presence are as definite as stone." (p. 38), "Are you gathering souls for the
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Reverend John Hale is one of the main characters in the play The Crucible written by Arthur Miller. The significant quote said by Hale towards Elizabeth Proctor to "not mistake your duty as I mistook my own" summarises Hale's changing sense of identity. Upon his arrival, Hale believes it is his duty to drive the devil out of Salem. However, as the play progresses, Hale's actions begin to conflict with Judge Danforth as Hale distances himself from the court. This transition is the result of Hale's revelation that he mistook his duty of protecting the lives of those falsely accused.Throughout Act One, Hale indulges in the honour and pride that his position as a minister grants him. When Hale
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When reading a classic novel like that of Arthur Miller, we oftentimes encounter the typical dynamic character; the lovable cocoon experiencing a most dramatic metamorphosis right before the reader’s eyes. In The Crucible, the reader is initially introduced to a reserved, confident, and scholarly Reverend Hale, who arrives in the secluded, gloomy town of Salem to investigate the mysterious behavior of the local priest’s daughter; Betty Proctor . Throughout the novel, Miller reveals Hale’s transformation from within his strict cocoon of formal studies and formulaic outlook on witchcraft diagnostics and religion to a jaded, less-than-sure of himself scholar, broken by the raw injustice and
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The Salem witch trials of 1692 caused much confusion and chaos. A total of 19 were executed for supposed witchcraft. For such a travesty to occur and to end, there must be certain people that catalyze the event and others that speak out against it. In "The Crucible" by Arthur Miller, specific characters contribute to the rising hysteria of witchcraft and the disapproval of the convictions. Reverend Hale is a unique character that provides attributions to both sides. Although Reverend Hale is a catalyst to the beginning of the witch trials because he protects the authority of the court with a strict interpretation of its laws, he later realizes the falsehood of the court's accusations
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A crucible in reality is a device, not unlike a cauldron, used to separate metal from ore by heat, however Arthur Miller titled his book, The Crucible, in order to indicate how people under intense pressure to confess their sins were altered by the experience. When it was over, those who had personal integrity were revealed, like a precious metal refined in a crucible, while other characters were found to be composed of "base metal". Some characters in the play changed due to what they had to undergo during the play and some did not. In the following paragraphs, three characters are discussed: John Proctor, who changes during the course of the play, Reverend Hale, who also changes, and
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Pontius Pilate Indeed
The Crucible, a play by Arthur Miller, is set in Salem, Massachusetts. The hysteria begins with suspicion that a group of teenage girls found dancing in the forest are guilty of witchcraft. The reverend of Salem then calls on Reverend Hale, who hails from Beverly, to come ascertain the truth. Threatened with severe punishment girls tell lies that Satan had possessed them and falsely accuse others of working with the Devil. One of the girls has an infatuation with John Proctor, a married man, and her determination to get rid of his innocent wife, Elizabeth fuels the hysteria. Reverend Hale is a unique character because he is both a catalyst and a preventer of this
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. Moreover, his mistake caused a countless number of innocent people to be thrown in jail and hanged. With this revelation clouding his mind and breaking his heart, he became an anguished man who regretted his actions that aided the conviction of numerous so-called witches. He fought against the witch trials after that, but his actions were inadequate. The witch trials still went on. Hale ended up being a character who opposed the witch trials, but instead of going against the court as aggressively as John Proctor, he begged the accused to confess in order to save their own lives. He believed that it was better to lie and live than deny and die.
Reverend John Hale’s changes in his diction
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John Hale, from the Crucible
Dynamic, Reverend John Hale needs only this one word to describe him. That is what separates Hale from any other character in the Crucible, while most characters are entirely static, with the exception of Elizabeth. That is why I consider him to be the best, and most flushed out character in the Crucible. In this report I will describe and analyze the character of John Hale and try show why his is the best character in the Crucible.
In the first paragraph I will analyze the character of John Hale and describe what just makes him so dynamic. At the beginning of act one we only hear about John Hale and can only make judgment upon what is said about him. From
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supporting an illegitimate court procedure. When execution day arrives, Reverend Parris fears that the “rebellion in Andover” (127) over hangings will occur similarly in Salem. Reverend Parris pleads to Hathorne that “. . . it were another sort that we hanged till now . . . these people have great weight yet in the town” (127). Reverend Parris’ last attempt at preserving his image shows his utter desperation to retain his position of power. While Reverend Parris fears losing power, Abigail fears losing a love already lost.
Abigail’s fear of prosecution and of losing John Proctor causes her to cry witch. When Reverend Hale asks Abigail if she called “the Devil last night” (42), she realizes her
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In The Crucible, Arthur Miller portrays the two main characters, John Proctor and Reverend John Hale as "good men". The term "good men" in this play is ambiguous. Reverend John Hale was a good man in the sense of being the perfect and good citizen of Massachusetts in the 1600's. He was pious, adherent to the laws and beliefs, and a good Puritan Christian. John Proctor, on the contrary would not be considered the greatest citizen. He was not so religious, nor the perfect Christian, and was not so adherent to the Puritan's laws and beliefs. However, he was still considered a "good man", as a person rather than being an ideal Puritan citizen. He was very honest, moral, loyal to his friends and
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I have been asked to play the part of 'Reverend John Hale' in a stage production of 'The Crucible'. 'The crucible is a play based on the Salem witch trials, which took place in the sixteenth century, and is centred around the them of naming names and passing the blame. Arthur Miller wrote 'The Crucible', and I believe his purpose writing this play was to show the consequence of naming names and taking revenge as well as showing how different those times were.My character, Reverend John Hale of Beverly is said to be."...nearing forty, a tight-skinned, eager-eyed intellectual."He thinks himself to be quite the specialist on witchcraft and things of the supernatural, because of the education
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confession is the start of the mass hysteria that begins in Salem, Massachusetts. For this reason Reverend Hale, an expert on witches, is called from Beverly to investigate these suspicions. Reverend Hale is an “eager-eyed intellectual” (Miller 38), who is full of pride to have finally been called to Salem to ascertain witchcraft and purify the town of evil forces. Another character, a respected judge named Danforth, arrives from Boston and contributes to the mass hysteria seen in Salem when he relies heavily on spectral evidence presented in court to rid the town of evil. Both Reverend Hale and Danforth are allies against witchcraft trying to condemn the accused. However, as the play progresses
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In Salem, Massachusetts, witch trials begins to erupt as allegations are made on typical rivals. Arthur Miller portrays this event as a preposterous segment in our nation's history in his work called "The Crucible". In this extravagant play, Reverend Hale and Elizabeth Proctor take part in a drastic development that affects their entire role.Reverend Hale distinctively alters his perspective of the situation of the witch trials throughout the play. He first approaches the reader in the beginning as a very haughty and selfish minister by proclaiming he will "find [the Devil] out ... and mean[s] to crush him utterly if he has shown his face" (39). He speaks of himself to be distinguishably
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Arthur Miller’s dramatic play The Crucible, takes place during 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts. The setting is important because it takes place during the time of the Salem Witch Trials. The play begins with the town’s girls, led by Abigail Williams, gathering in the forest and starting to dance around a fire, chanting. Reverend Parris catches them dancing, sending the girls into a panic and causing two of the girls to go into a coma-like state. The townspeople spread rumors that there are witches lurking throughout the the town that have put the girls under their spells. This causes Reverend Parris to send for Reverend Hale, an expert in witchcraft and the devil's work, who hopes to rid
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Insight plays a large role in The Crucible by Arthur Miller. Insight is defined as "the capacity to discern the true nature of a situation". Basically, it means that you are able to realize what is really going on. The word "crucible" is defined as "a severe test or trial". This is realized by the plotline as innocent citizens are cruelly punished for "supernatural" sins. John Proctor, Elizabeth Proctor, and Reverend hale all gain insight throughout this story.John learns a lot about himself and others. John Proctor is an honest farmer in the village of Salem when it is violently transformed into a slaughterhouse of saints. Elizabeth is very good to John, which causes him to think of her as
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The Crucible by Arthur Miller is an allegory written about the Salem witch trials in 1692. It includes a number of characters who fully conform to the trials and their consequences, it also contains the opposite, those who do not conform and fight it. Of course, as in any story there are characters in the middle that are not sure which side to take. They go along with it, not willing to stand up, but in their minds they are not completely sure whether or not what they’re doing is right. Reverend Hale is the best example of outward conformity and inward questioning.
Hale does not start out as such however. In fact he is the reason the witch hunts are started. In the beginning of the play
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A crucible has two diverse meanings: a vessel used for melting substances that require a high degree of heat or a severe test or trial. The play, The Crucible, uses both definitions in unison to show the fiery atmosphere of the Salem Witch Trials and the severity of the trials. Three primary characters involved in the scorching environment of the Salem Witch Trials are Elizabeth Proctor, Reverend Hale, and John Proctor. Since The Crucible entitles that people are going to go through a test and receive knowledge from it, these three characters gain the most insight from the trials and tests that they endure.
At the beginning of The Crucible Elizabeth Proctor is characterized as a good
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Individual moral integrity and the lack thereof are illustrated by Arthur Miller in his play, The Crucible. The fear of witchcraft engulfs the Puritanical society thus creating a mob rule. The fate of the town depends upon the morals of its people. John Proctor and Reverend Hale are key players in condemning the Witch Trials; ruling the mob are Abigail, Judge Danforth, and their followers. Even though the trials were intended to end when Salem was cleansed of the alleged witchcraft, it remained the responsibility of the individual to ensure that the majority did not become completely overthrown by mass hysteria.The lack of moral integrity displayed by characters in the play causes a string
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The Crucible Many of the characters in The Crucible become changed by the end of the play.Three of the characters who change a lot are John Proctor, Reverend Hale, and Mary Warren. It is shown that John Proctor changes in his willingness to have anything to do with the witch hunt and his moral decisions. Reverend Hale changes his personal outlook on and role in the witch hunt throughout the play, and he changes his general attitude towards the justness of witch hunts, the court, and the church. Mary Warren changes her mind about her role in the witch hunt several times, and she also must change her morals or ideas about sin. Each character's changes make huge impacts their lives and
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Miller uses three characters who clearly manifest this internal battle. First, Mary Warren's whole personality turns upside down when she is torn between telling the truth and surviving the trials. John Proctor is the next who is forced to contemplate a choice between the importance of his family and his own name. The third, Reverend Hale, battles with himself about whether or not to carry out his job requirements or to do what he knows is right. All three characters face difficult choices that are eating away at each one's conscience. Should they do what they believe is right, or what will help them survive the witch trials? Each character and situation is unique, beginning with Mary
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people to die.In another situation Reverend Hale is a strong man who comes to Salem looking for withes and eager to test out his practices to helping the accused. When he came to Salem Hale had never actually seen a witch but was eager to find one. "They must be, they are weighted with authority," said Hale very sure of himself (36). When he says this there is an image of superiority put out by Rev. Hale. "What are you concealing? Have you sold yourself to Lucifer?" said Rev. Hale trying to intimidate (43). Hale again shows his believed superiority by trying to intimidate Abigail into a confession. By the end of Act III and throughout Act IV Rev. Hale changes his approach and is seen as a humbler
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Hypocracy: Examing three characters.In this novel, hypocrisy was referenced lot in this story of "The Crucible". All of the characters that had integrity also acted hypocritically, like John Proctor, Rev. Hale, and Elizabeth Proctor. For example, Reverend Hale claimed to have integrity, but at was very hypocritical. He was in Salem to see if there was any witchcraft in Salem and he had witnessed the girls confessing. However, more toward the end, he was quick to defend John Proctor when he was claiming that the girls were feuds and everyone of them are telling lies about witches. Reverend Hale had integrity because he was a man a good faith and admitted that he was wrong, but at the end he
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evil that Reverend Parris brought in Reverend Hale to eventually judge everyone in the town.
Reverend Hale’s only reason for being brought to Salem was to judge the townspeople on their supposed involvement in witchcraft. In the end he ended up judging the entire town on the practicing of their Christian faith. Reverend Hale being in Salem ended up writing “Seventy two death warrants” (Miller 99). This is concerning considering Reverend Hale was a man that “dare not take a life without there be a proof so immaculate no slightest qualm of conscience may doubt it” (Miller 99). What made a minister of the Lord do such a thing? The oppressive views of the townspeople of Salem. Being in the
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Crucible. Specifically, the actions and thoughts of the primary characters John Proctor, Elizabeth Proctor, and Reverend Hale throughout the act demonstrate mankind’s desire to redeem integrity, in the hopes that one is not left with the consuming weight of guilt.
Arthur Miller uses his middle-aged, father character, John Proctor, to illustrate the idea that humans desire to maintain their integrity, and will attempt to reclaim it so that they are not forced to suffer from the overshadowing pillar of guilt. Specifically, Proctor cannot bring himself to abandon his morality, despite the fact that in doing so he would be permitted to keep his life. John Proctor suffers from guilt and shame after
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, though, stands out from these people because he defends what he knows is right. John Proctor, a small farmer in Salem, stands up for what he believes in, while nearly everyone else in the village of Salem gives into the mass hysteria.In Act I of the play, the reader learns that Reverend Parris's daughter has fallen ill, and the village believes that it is an act of witchcraft. When Reverend Hale comes to the Parris's home to see if he can help, he, Giles Corey, and John Proctor begin discussing the current issue at hand. When Hale inquires Proctor on his thoughts, Giles jumps in with, "He don't believe in witches" (Miller 35). While Proctor does not agree to this statement, he does not deny
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The power of religion and fear is prominently displayed throughout The Crucible; the characters holding power of the court misuse it, and the motives of credible, honest, worthwhile characters are lost to lies and deceit. Out of all the characters in The Crucible, John Proctor and Reverend Hale are the most deserving of authority but receive very little, if any. The majority of the power is distributed between Danforth, Hathorne, Parris, and Abigail. The power and ability to decide innocence and guilt is given to those who can ask questions while evading answering any.
Danforth, Hathorne, and Parris avoid answering accusations and questions by charging the speaker with trying to undermine
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as a down to earth farmer who has had an affair with Abigail.When Reverend Hale arrives in order to use his knowledge to find out if witchcraft is indeed active within this village and looks for signs. In the book he questions Abigail in such a way to suggest that she may not be to and introduces someone for her to lay the blame on. However the screenplay shows Hale questioning all of the girls. Here one of the girls points to Abigail as being the ringleader. In both text and screenplay the outcome is the same and Tituba is blamed. In both portrayals Hale intimidates in such a way as to make the girl/girls fearful of him.Hale talks to Tituba and asks her of her involvement. This concludes
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with a good man, John Proctor, but then he denies her but she still wants him. She wants him so much that she wants his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, to die because she thinks that she can take her place next to John. She makes the whole town believe that there are witches among the town and Reverend Hale believes that it is his duty to eliminate these witches. Trials are made, and innocent people are accused for stupid reasons, excessive pride being one of them, but then, the people that are accused have the choice of dying with dignity and pride, or live by falsely confessing to witchcraft. Throughout the book The Crucible, excessive pride is written subconsciously throughout the whole book and
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witches, but it all became reality when Parris sends for Reverend John Hale.
By calling Reverend Hale, a man known for finding witches, he increases the paranoia among the townspeople. Neighbors suddenly turn on each other and accuse people they've known for years of practicing witchcraft and devil-worship because a well respected man, known for ruling out the devil, comes and falls for Abigail and the children pretense. When Abigail Williams accuses Tituba of witchcraft, noticing that people are starting to realize her lies, Tituba is whipped without any time for explanation. Both Reverend Parris and Reverend Hale forced Tituba to confess of witchcraft. Parris said,” You will confess yourself
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Ruth Putnam, and his daughter Betty into faking ill. He is also guilty for inviting Hale, a witchcraft expert, from another town to investigate, which caused many people to believe that there really are witches in Salem, and for supporting the court to protect his reputation rather than finding out the truth behind everything. There are other suspects but I think that John Proctor, Mrs. Ann Putnam and Reverend Parris are the people who I think are most guilty of starting the Salem Witch Trials.
John Proctor is guilty for two reasons. First, he is guilty of having an affair with Abigail Williams as he had admitted at Parris’s house, “Abby, I may think of you softly from time to time. But I